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公司:lyft

来福车(英语:Lyft)是一家交通网络公司,总部位于美国加利福尼亚州旧金山,以开发移动应用程序连结乘客和司机,提供载客车辆租赁及媒合共乘的分享型经济服务。乘客可以通过发送短信或是使用移动应用程序来预约车辆,利用移动应用程序时还可以追踪车辆位置。

Lyft 拥有 30% 的市场份额,是美国仅次于优步的第二大的叫车公司。

The Journey to Server Driven UI At Lyft Bikes and Scooters

Across the past couple of years, different mobile app teams across Lyft have been moving to Server Driven UI (SDUI) for three main reasons:

  • To deal with business complexity
  • To increase release velocity
  • To be more flexible in how we staff and build features

This post is about Lyft Bikes and Scooters’ journey to SDUI, why we’ve gone down this path, and what’s worked well for us.

Quantifying Efficiency in Ridesharing Marketplaces

The health of Lyft’s marketplace depends on how riders and drivers are distributed across space and time. Within the complex rideshare space, it is not easy to define typical marketplace concepts like “market efficiency” and “supply-demand balance”. A simple question such as “Do we have enough drivers right now?” has different answers depending on context:

  • Are there enough drivers in the right places to maintain good service levels?
  • Are there enough drivers system-wide, assuming a ride request will be accepted no matter how far away it is?
  • Are there enough to maintain an attractive earning rate?

Each question leads in a different direction. Being able to answer such questions is the interesting (and challenging!) part of operating a healthy two-sided marketplace.

Powering Millions of Real-Time Decisions with LyftLearn Serving

Hundreds of millions of real-time decisions are made each day at Lyft by online machine learning models. These model-based decisions include price optimization for rides, incentives allocation for drivers, fraud detection, ETA prediction, and innumerable others that impact how riders move and drivers earn.

A Review of Multi-Armed Bandits Applications at Lyft

Lyft hosts a dynamic marketplace connecting millions of people to a robust transportation network. In order to offer high value and quality service for both riders and drivers we need to make complex optimization decisions in near-real time. The environment can change quickly with traffic, events and weather, making these decisions even more challenging.

We have employed multi-arm bandits (MAB) algorithms, a common machine learning method for decision making using long-term rewards, to improve our real-time decision making capability. MABs allow us to not only iterate at a faster cadence and lower cost, but also allow for dynamic user experiences and responsive marketplace systems. We will walk through some of our most impactful MAB applications in UI optimization and personalized messaging, concluding with applications in our marketplace algorithms.

Detecting Android memory leaks in production

Monitoring mobile performance and resource consumption at Lyft.

Vulnerability Management at Lyft: Enforcing the Cascade [Part 1]

Over the past 2 years, we’ve built a comprehensive vulnerability management program at Lyft. This blog post will focus on the systems we’ve built to address OS and OS-package level vulnerabilities in a timely manner across hundreds of services run on Kubernetes. Along the way, we’ll highlight the technical challenges we encountered and how we eliminated most of the work required from other engineers. In this first of two posts, we describe our graph approach to finding where a given vulnerability was introduced — a key building block that enables automation of most of the patch process.

Internet Egress Filtering of Services at Lyft

Using Envoy as an Explicit CONNECT and Transparent Proxy.

Recovering from Crashes with Safe Mode

Feature flags are everywhere in modern software development: They’re a great tool for running A/B experiments, slowly rolling out changes to users, and even turning off problematic codepaths during incidents. When an engineer implements a new feature, it’s practically second-nature to gate it behind a feature flag.

While this practice is largely beneficial for the most part, incidents are occasionally caused when a feature flag enables a buggy codepath and causes a crash or an otherwise degraded user experience. A feature flag that causes a crash immediately upon app launch is particularly painful because even if the feature flag is disabled remotely after an engineer identifies the issue, once an app has the bad configuration it will continue to crash before it’s able to successfully fetch the corrected configuration.

We’ve experienced this issue a few times at Lyft over the years. When a crash on launch was introduced by turning on a feature flag or changing other remote configurations, we usually had to ship a hotfix to get users out of infinite crash loops since we had no way of pushing configuration updates to the app when it was crashing so early in its lifecycle. This inevitably resulted in disappointed users, fewer rides, and lost revenue.

To help mitigate these crash loops, we created Safe Mode.

Shift-Left iOS Testing with Focus Flows

Pain Points of Traditional Automated UI Tests.

Evolution of Streaming Pipelines in Lyft’s Marketplace

The journey of evolving our streaming platform and pipeline to better scale and support new use cases at Lyft.

Prioritizing App Stability

In the spring of 2020 we started the journey to improve the performance of Lyft’s mobile applications, initially focusing on app start time (also known as Time to Interact or TTI). There was a great deal of opportunity for improvement in the TTI space at Lyft and we were confident that with a small investment, we would be able to add meaningful impact. The success of this project helped pave the way for further investment in Mobile Performance at Lyft.

Productionizing Envoy Mobile at Lyft

Envoy Mobile is an ambitious open source initiative to bring the power of Envoy Proxy to mobile apps, leading to unparalleled observability, cutting edge technologies, control, and consistency in the mobile networking space.

A Federated Approach To Providing User Privacy Rights

Our journey of enabling user privacy rights started all the way back with the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) going live in 2020. Recently, new state laws have begun going into effect, including upcoming changes in California with the California Privacy Rights Act, and our early work set us up for success. Lyft is positioned to seamlessly handle changes thanks to the choices we made with the federated design of our architecture. In this blog post, we’ll share an overview of some technical strategies Lyft uses to provide important privacy rights like those in CCPA and describe how we implemented user data export and deletion in our online systems.

To start off, let’s review some of the key challenges we faced in developing our response to user requests regarding privacy rights.

Causal Forecasting at Lyft (Part 2)

In our last blog, we discussed how managing our business effectively comes down to, in large part, making causally valid forecasts based on our decisions. Such forecasts accurately predict the future while still agreeing with experiment (e.g. increasing prices by X will decrease conversion by Y). With this, we can optimize our decisions to yield a desirable future.

But there remains a gap between theory and the implementation that makes it a reality. In this blog, we will discuss the design of software and algorithms we use to bridge this gap.

Improving the Experience of Making Envoy Route Changes

In a microservice world, significant route configuration changes to the front proxy are often required to keep up with an evolving business. Making these route configuration changes easily manageable and testable quickly becomes a challenging issue with the number of developers needing to make changes and the frequency of these changes.

Pricing at Lyft

Pricing forms the backbone of the Lyft’s marketplace system, which is core in the journey of improving people’s lives with the world’s best transportation. In general, the goal of price optimization is to find the price that balances supply and demand while covering the expenses necessary to provide an easy-to-use rideshare platform, where drivers have tremendous influence on the rider prices through their entry and exit on the platform.

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